SECOND REGULAR SESSION

[PERFECTED]

HOUSE COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR

HOUSE BILL NO. 1515

96TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY

5415L.04P                                                                                                                                                 D. ADAM CRUMBLISS, Chief Clerk


 

AN ACT

To repeal sections 160.261, 210.115, 210.1014, 306.130, 455.020, 455.035, 455.040, 455.060, 455.085, 455.505, 455.513, 455.523, 455.538, 488.5050, 513.653, 527.290, 558.019, 565.074, 565.182, 570.145, 574.085, 575.060, 575.070, 575.080, 610.021, 650.055, 650.100, and 650.120, RSMo, and to enact in lieu thereof thirty-two new sections relating to crimes and criminal procedure, with penalty provisions.




Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Missouri, as follows:


            Section A. Sections 160.261, 210.115, 210.1014, 306.130, 455.020, 455.035, 455.040, 455.060, 455.085, 455.505, 455.513, 455.523, 455.538, 488.5050, 513.653, 527.290, 558.019, 565.074, 565.182, 570.145, 574.085, 575.060, 575.070, 575.080, 610.021, 650.055, 650.100, and 650.120, RSMo, are repealed and thirty-two new sections enacted in lieu thereof, to be known as sections 160.261, 210.115, 210.1014, 306.130, 455.020, 455.035, 455.040, 455.060, 455.085, 455.505, 455.513, 455.523, 455.538, 488.5050, 513.653, 527.290, 544.456, 558.019, 565.074, 565.182, 570.145, 574.035, 574.085, 575.045, 575.060, 575.070, 575.080, 610.021, 610.205, 650.055, 650.100, and 650.120, to read as follows:

            160.261. 1. The local board of education of each school district shall clearly establish a written policy of discipline, including the district's determination on the use of corporal punishment and the procedures in which punishment will be applied. A written copy of the district's discipline policy and corporal punishment procedures, if applicable, shall be provided to the pupil and parent or legal guardian of every pupil enrolled in the district at the beginning of each school year and also made available in the office of the superintendent of such district, during normal business hours, for public inspection. All employees of the district shall annually receive instruction related to the specific contents of the policy of discipline and any interpretations necessary to implement the provisions of the policy in the course of their duties, including but not limited to approved methods of dealing with acts of school violence, disciplining students with disabilities and instruction in the necessity and requirements for confidentiality.

            2. The policy shall require school administrators to report acts of school violence to all teachers at the attendance center and, in addition, to other school district employees with a need to know. For the purposes of this chapter or chapter 167, "need to know" is defined as school personnel who are directly responsible for the student's education or who otherwise interact with the student on a professional basis while acting within the scope of their assigned duties. As used in this section, the phrase "act of school violence" or "violent behavior" means the exertion of physical force by a student with the intent to do serious physical injury as defined in subdivision (6) of section 565.002 to another person while on school property, including a school bus in service on behalf of the district, or while involved in school activities. The policy shall at a minimum require school administrators to report, as soon as reasonably practical, to the appropriate law enforcement agency any of the following crimes, or any act which if committed by an adult would be one of the following crimes:

            (1) First degree murder under section 565.020;

            (2) Second degree murder under section 565.021;

            (3) Kidnapping under section 565.110;

            (4) First degree assault under section 565.050;

            (5) Forcible rape under section 566.030;

            (6) Forcible sodomy under section 566.060;

            (7) Burglary in the first degree under section 569.160;

            (8) Burglary in the second degree under section 569.170;

            (9) Robbery in the first degree under section 569.020;

            (10) Distribution of drugs under section 195.211;

            (11) Distribution of drugs to a minor under section 195.212;

            (12) Arson in the first degree under section 569.040;

            (13) Voluntary manslaughter under section 565.023;

            (14) Involuntary manslaughter under section 565.024;

            (15) Second degree assault under section 565.060;

            (16) Sexual assault under section 566.040;

            (17) Felonious restraint under section 565.120;

            (18) Property damage in the first degree under section 569.100;

            (19) The possession of a weapon under chapter 571;

            (20) Child molestation in the first degree pursuant to section 566.067;

            (21) Deviate sexual assault pursuant to section 566.070;

            (22) Sexual misconduct involving a child pursuant to section 566.083;

            (23) Sexual abuse pursuant to section 566.100;

            (24) Harassment under section 565.090; or

            (25) Stalking under section 565.225; committed on school property, including but not limited to actions on any school bus in service on behalf of the district or while involved in school activities. The policy shall require that any portion of a student's individualized education program that is related to demonstrated or potentially violent behavior shall be provided to any teacher and other school district employees who are directly responsible for the student's education or who otherwise interact with the student on an educational basis while acting within the scope of their assigned duties. The policy shall also contain the consequences of failure to obey standards of conduct set by the local board of education, and the importance of the standards to the maintenance of an atmosphere where orderly learning is possible and encouraged.

            3. The policy shall provide that any student who is on suspension for any of the offenses listed in subsection 2 of this section or any act of violence or drug-related activity defined by school district policy as a serious violation of school discipline pursuant to subsection 9 of this section shall have as a condition of his or her suspension the requirement that such student is not allowed, while on such suspension, to be within one thousand feet of any school property in the school district where such student attended school or any activity of that district, regardless of whether or not the activity takes place on district property unless:

            (1) Such student is under the direct supervision of the student's parent, legal guardian, or custodian and the superintendent or the superintendent's designee has authorized the student to be on school property;

            (2) Such student is under the direct supervision of another adult designated by the student's parent, legal guardian, or custodian, in advance, in writing, to the principal of the school which suspended the student and the superintendent or the superintendent's designee has authorized the student to be on school property;

            (3) Such student is enrolled in and attending an alternative school that is located within one thousand feet of a public school in the school district where such student attended school; or

            (4) Such student resides within one thousand feet of any public school in the school district where such student attended school in which case such student may be on the property of his or her residence without direct adult supervision.

            4. Any student who violates the condition of suspension required pursuant to subsection 3 of this section may be subject to expulsion or further suspension pursuant to the provisions of sections 167.161, 167.164, and 167.171. In making this determination consideration shall be given to whether the student poses a threat to the safety of any child or school employee and whether such student's unsupervised presence within one thousand feet of the school is disruptive to the educational process or undermines the effectiveness of the school's disciplinary policy. Removal of any pupil who is a student with a disability is subject to state and federal procedural rights. This section shall not limit a school district's ability to:

            (1) Prohibit all students who are suspended from being on school property or attending an activity while on suspension;

            (2) Discipline students for off-campus conduct that negatively affects the educational environment to the extent allowed by law.

            5. The policy shall provide for a suspension for a period of not less than one year, or expulsion, for a student who is determined to have brought a weapon to school, including but not limited to the school playground or the school parking lot, brought a weapon on a school bus or brought a weapon to a school activity whether on or off of the school property in violation of district policy, except that:

            (1) The superintendent or, in a school district with no high school, the principal of the school which such child attends may modify such suspension on a case-by-case basis; and

            (2) This section shall not prevent the school district from providing educational services in an alternative setting to a student suspended under the provisions of this section.

            6. For the purpose of this section, the term "weapon" shall mean a firearm as defined under 18 U.S.C. 921 and the following items, as defined in section 571.010: a blackjack, a concealable firearm, an explosive weapon, a firearm, a firearm silencer, a gas gun, a knife, knuckles, a machine gun, a projectile weapon, a rifle, a shotgun, a spring gun or a switchblade knife; except that this section shall not be construed to prohibit a school board from adopting a policy to allow a Civil War reenactor to carry a Civil War era weapon on school property for educational purposes so long as the firearm is unloaded. The local board of education shall define weapon in the discipline policy. Such definition shall include the weapons defined in this subsection but may also include other weapons.

            7. All school district personnel responsible for the care and supervision of students are authorized to hold every pupil strictly accountable for any disorderly conduct in school or on any property of the school, on any school bus going to or returning from school, during school-sponsored activities, or during intermission or recess periods.

            8. Teachers and other authorized district personnel in public schools responsible for the care, supervision, and discipline of schoolchildren, including volunteers selected with reasonable care by the school district, shall not be civilly liable when acting in conformity with the established policies developed by each board, including but not limited to policies of student discipline or when reporting to his or her supervisor or other person as mandated by state law acts of school violence or threatened acts of school violence, within the course and scope of the duties of the teacher, authorized district personnel or volunteer, when such individual is acting in conformity with the established policies developed by the board. Nothing in this section shall be construed to create a new cause of action against such school district, or to relieve the school district from liability for the negligent acts of such persons.

            9. Each school board shall define in its discipline policy acts of violence and any other acts that constitute a serious violation of that policy. "Acts of violence" as defined by school boards shall include but not be limited to exertion of physical force by a student with the intent to do serious bodily harm to another person while on school property, including a school bus in service on behalf of the district, or while involved in school activities. School districts shall for each student enrolled in the school district compile and maintain records of any serious violation of the district's discipline policy. Such records shall be made available to teachers and other school district employees with a need to know while acting within the scope of their assigned duties, and shall be provided as required in section 167.020 to any school district in which the student subsequently attempts to enroll.

            10. Spanking, when administered by certificated personnel and in the presence of a witness who is an employee of the school district, or the use of reasonable force to protect persons or property, when administered by personnel of a school district in a reasonable manner in accordance with the local board of education's written policy of discipline, is not abuse within the meaning of chapter 210. The provisions of sections 210.110 to 210.165 notwithstanding, the children's division shall not have jurisdiction over or investigate any report of alleged child abuse arising out of or related to the use of reasonable force to protect persons or property when administered by personnel of a school district or any spanking administered in a reasonable manner by any certificated school personnel in the presence of a witness who is an employee of the school district pursuant to a written policy of discipline established by the board of education of the school district, as long as no allegation of sexual misconduct arises from the spanking or use of force.

            11. If a student reports alleged sexual misconduct on the part of a teacher or other school employee to a person employed in a school facility who is required to report such misconduct to the children's division under section 210.115, such person and the superintendent of the school district shall [forward] report the allegation to the children's division [within twenty-four hours of receiving the information] as set forth in section 210.115. Reports made to the children's division under this subsection shall be investigated by the division in accordance with the provisions of sections 210.145 to 210.153 and shall not be investigated by the school district under subsections 12 to 20 of this section for purposes of determining whether the allegations should or should not be substantiated. The district may investigate the allegations for the purpose of making any decision regarding the employment of the accused employee.

            12. Upon receipt of any reports of child abuse by the children's division other than reports provided under subsection 11 of this section, pursuant to sections 210.110 to 210.165 which allegedly involve personnel of a school district, the children's division shall notify the superintendent of schools of the district or, if the person named in the alleged incident is the superintendent of schools, the president of the school board of the school district where the alleged incident occurred.

            13. If, after an initial investigation, the superintendent of schools or the president of the school board finds that the report involves an alleged incident of child abuse other than the administration of a spanking by certificated school personnel or the use of reasonable force to protect persons or property when administered by school personnel pursuant to a written policy of discipline or that the report was made for the sole purpose of harassing a public school employee, the superintendent of schools or the president of the school board shall immediately refer the matter back to the children's division and take no further action. In all matters referred back to the children's division, the division shall treat the report in the same manner as other reports of alleged child abuse received by the division.

            14. If the report pertains to an alleged incident which arose out of or is related to a spanking administered by certificated personnel or the use of reasonable force to protect persons or property when administered by personnel of a school district pursuant to a written policy of discipline or a report made for the sole purpose of harassing a public school employee, a notification of the reported child abuse shall be sent by the superintendent of schools or the president of the school board to the juvenile officer of the county in which the alleged incident occurred.

            15. The report shall be jointly investigated by the juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the superintendent of schools or, if the subject of the report is the superintendent of schools, by the juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the president of the school board or such president's designee.

            16. The investigation shall begin no later than forty-eight hours after notification from the children's division is received, and shall consist of, but need not be limited to, interviewing and recording statements of the child and the child's parents or guardian within two working days after the start of the investigation, of the school district personnel allegedly involved in the report, and of any witnesses to the alleged incident.

            17. The juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the investigating school district personnel shall issue separate reports of their findings and recommendations after the conclusion of the investigation to the school board of the school district within seven days after receiving notice from the children's division.

            18. The reports shall contain a statement of conclusion as to whether the report of alleged child abuse is substantiated or is unsubstantiated.

            19. The school board shall consider the separate reports referred to in subsection 17 of this section and shall issue its findings and conclusions and the action to be taken, if any, within seven days after receiving the last of the two reports. The findings and conclusions shall be made in substantially the following form:

            (1) The report of the alleged child abuse is unsubstantiated. The juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the investigating school board personnel agree that there was not a preponderance of evidence to substantiate that abuse occurred;

            (2) The report of the alleged child abuse is substantiated. The juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the investigating school district personnel agree that the preponderance of evidence is sufficient to support a finding that the alleged incident of child abuse did occur;

            (3) The issue involved in the alleged incident of child abuse is unresolved. The juvenile officer or a law enforcement officer designated by the juvenile officer and the investigating school personnel are unable to agree on their findings and conclusions on the alleged incident.             20. The findings and conclusions of the school board under subsection 19 of this section shall be sent to the children's division. If the findings and conclusions of the school board are that the report of the alleged child abuse is unsubstantiated, the investigation shall be terminated, the case closed, and no record shall be entered in the children's division central registry. If the findings and conclusions of the school board are that the report of the alleged child abuse is substantiated, the children's division shall report the incident to the prosecuting attorney of the appropriate county along with the findings and conclusions of the school district and shall include the information in the division's central registry. If the findings and conclusions of the school board are that the issue involved in the alleged incident of child abuse is unresolved, the children's division shall report the incident to the prosecuting attorney of the appropriate county along with the findings and conclusions of the school board, however, the incident and the names of the parties allegedly involved shall not be entered into the central registry of the children's division unless and until the alleged child abuse is substantiated by a court of competent jurisdiction.

            21. Any superintendent of schools, president of a school board or such person's designee or juvenile officer who knowingly falsifies any report of any matter pursuant to this section or who knowingly withholds any information relative to any investigation or report pursuant to this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

            22. In order to ensure the safety of all students, should a student be expelled for bringing a weapon to school, violent behavior, or for an act of school violence, that student shall not, for the purposes of the accreditation process of the Missouri school improvement plan, be considered a dropout or be included in the calculation of that district's educational persistence ratio.

            210.115. 1. When any physician, medical examiner, coroner, dentist, chiropractor, optometrist, podiatrist, resident, intern, nurse, hospital or clinic personnel that are engaged in the examination, care, treatment or research of persons, and any other health practitioner, psychologist, mental health professional, social worker, day care center worker or other child-care worker, juvenile officer, probation or parole officer, jail or detention center personnel, teacher, principal or other school official, minister as provided by section 352.400, peace officer or law enforcement official, or other person with responsibility for the care of children has reasonable cause to suspect that a child has been or may be subjected to abuse or neglect or observes a child being subjected to conditions or circumstances which would reasonably result in abuse or neglect, that person shall immediately report [or cause a report to be made] to the division in accordance with the provisions of sections 210.109 to 210.183. As used in this section, the term "abuse" is not limited to abuse inflicted by a person responsible for the child's care, custody and control as specified in section 210.110, but shall also include abuse inflicted by any other person.

            2. [Whenever such person is required to report pursuant to sections 210.109 to 210.183 in an official capacity as a staff member of a medical institution, school facility, or other agency, whether public or private, the person in charge or a designated agent shall be notified immediately. The person in charge or a designated agent shall then become responsible for immediately making or causing such report to be made to the division. Nothing in this section, however, is meant to preclude any person from reporting abuse or neglect] When two or more persons who are required to report jointly have knowledge of a known or suspected instance of child abuse or neglect, a single report may be made by a member of the team. Any member who has knowledge that the member designated to report has failed to do so shall thereafter make the report.

            3. The reporting requirements under this section are individual, and no supervisor or administrator may impede or inhibit any reporting under this section. No person making a report under this section shall be subject to any sanction for making such report. However, internal procedures to facilitate reporting and apprise supervisors and administrators of reports may be established provided such internal procedures are not inconsistent with this section.

            4. Notwithstanding any other provision of sections 210.109 to 210.183, any child who does not receive specified medical treatment by reason of the legitimate practice of the religious belief of the child's parents, guardian, or others legally responsible for the child, for that reason alone, shall not be found to be an abused or neglected child, and such parents, guardian or other persons legally responsible for the child shall not be entered into the central registry. However, the division may accept reports concerning such a child and may subsequently investigate or conduct a family assessment as a result of that report. Such an exception shall not limit the administrative or judicial authority of the state to ensure that medical services are provided to the child when the child's health requires it.

            [4.] 5. In addition to those persons and officials required to report actual or suspected abuse or neglect, any other person may report in accordance with sections 210.109 to 210.183 if such person has reasonable cause to suspect that a child has been or may be subjected to abuse or neglect or observes a child being subjected to conditions or circumstances which would reasonably result in abuse or neglect.

            [5.] 6. Any person or official required to report pursuant to this section, including employees of the division, who has probable cause to suspect that a child who is or may be under the age of eighteen, who is eligible to receive a certificate of live birth, has died shall report that fact to the appropriate medical examiner or coroner. If, upon review of the circumstances and medical information, the medical examiner or coroner determines that the child died of natural causes while under medical care for an established natural disease, the coroner, medical examiner or physician shall notify the division of the child's death and that the child's attending physician shall be signing the death certificate. In all other cases, the medical examiner or coroner shall accept the report for investigation, shall immediately notify the division of the child's death as required in section 58.452 and shall report the findings to the child fatality review panel established pursuant to section 210.192.

            [6.] 7. Any person or individual required to report may also report the suspicion of abuse or neglect to any law enforcement agency or juvenile office. Such report shall not, however, take the place of reporting [or causing a report to be made] to the division.

            [7.] 8. If an individual required to report suspected instances of abuse or neglect pursuant to this section has reason to believe that the victim of such abuse or neglect is a resident of another state or was injured as a result of an act which occurred in another state, the person required to report such abuse or neglect may, in lieu of reporting to the Missouri division of family services, make such a report to the child protection agency of the other state with the authority to receive such reports pursuant to the laws of such other state. If such agency accepts the report, no report is required to be made, but may be made, to the [Missouri] division [of family services]. 

            210.1014. 1. There is hereby created the "Amber Alert System Oversight Committee", whose primary duty shall be to develop criteria and procedures for the Amber alert system and shall be housed within the department of public safety. The committee shall regularly review the function of the Amber alert system and revise its criteria and procedures in cooperation with the department of public safety to provide for efficient and effective public notification. As soon as practicable, the committee shall adopt criteria and procedures to expand the Amber alert system to provide urgent public alerts related to homeland security, criminal acts, health emergencies, and other imminent dangers to the public health and welfare.

            2. The committee shall, prior to January 1, 2013, adopt the criteria and procedures necessary to expand the Amber alert system to provide peace officer safety alerts for the location and identification of any person who has assaulted or otherwise injured a licensed peace officer and who has fled the scene.

            3. The Amber alert system oversight committee shall consist of ten members of which seven members shall be appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate. Such members shall represent the following entities: two representatives of the Missouri Sheriffs' Association; two representatives of the Missouri Police Chiefs Association; one representative of small market radio broadcasters; one representative of large market radio broadcasters; one representative of television broadcasters. The director of the department of public safety shall also be a member of the committee and shall serve as chair of the committee. Additional members shall include one representative of the highway patrol and one representative of the department of health and senior services.

            [3.] 4. Members of the oversight committee shall serve a term of four years, except that members first appointed to the committee shall have staggered terms of two, three, and four years and shall serve until their successor is duly appointed and qualified.

            [4.] 5. Members of the oversight committee shall serve without compensation, except that members shall be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses required for the discharge of their duties.

            [5.] 6. The Amber alert system oversight committee shall promulgate rules for the implementation of the Amber alert system. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2003, shall be invalid and void.

            306.130. 1. The Missouri state highway patrol, water patrol division, shall authorize the holding of regattas, motorboat or other watercraft races, marine parades, tournaments, parasail operations or exhibitions on any waters of this state when it has determined that said event will not create conditions of excessive danger for the participants, observers or operators of other watercraft nor unduly disrupt navigation. It shall adopt and may, from time to time, amend regulations concerning the safety of motorboats and other watercraft and persons thereon, either observers or participants. Whenever a regatta, motorboat or other watercraft race, marine parade, tournament, parasail operation or exhibition is proposed to be held, the person in charge thereof shall, at least fifteen days prior thereto, file an application with the Missouri state water patrol division for permission to hold the regatta, motorboat or other watercraft race, marine parade, tournament, parasail operation or exhibition, and it shall not be conducted without authorization of the Missouri state water patrol division in writing.

            2. A person who holds a permit issued by the Missouri state water patrol division to host a regatta, motorboat or other watercraft race, marine parade, tournament, parasail operation or exhibition on any waters of the state shall not knowingly violate any term of the permit.

            3. The provisions of this section shall not exempt any person from compliance with applicable federal law or regulation, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to require the securing of a state permit pursuant to this section if a permit therefor has been obtained from an authorized agency of the United States.

            455.020. 1. Any [adult] person who has been subject to domestic violence by a present or former family or household member, or who has been the victim of stalking, may seek relief under sections 455.010 to 455.085 by filing a verified petition alleging such domestic violence or stalking by the respondent.

            2. [An adult's] A person's right to relief under sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall not be affected by his leaving the residence or household to avoid domestic violence.

            3. Any protection order issued pursuant to sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall be effective throughout the state in all cities and counties.

            455.035. 1. Upon the filing of a verified petition pursuant to sections 455.010 to 455.085 and for good cause shown in the petition, the court may immediately issue an ex parte order of protection. An immediate and present danger of [abuse] domestic violence to the petitioner or the child on whose behalf the petition is filed shall constitute good cause for purposes of this section. An ex parte order of protection entered by the court shall take effect when entered and shall remain in effect until there is valid service of process and a hearing is held on the motion. The court shall deny the ex parte and dismiss the petition if the petitioner is not authorized to seek relief under section 455.020.

            2. Failure to serve an ex parte order of protection on the respondent shall not affect the validity or enforceability of such order. If the respondent is less than seventeen years of age, unless otherwise emancipated, service of process shall be made upon a custodial parent or guardian of the respondent, or upon a guardian ad litem appointed by the court, requiring that the person appear and bring the respondent before the court at the time and place stated.             3. If an ex parte order is entered and [the allegations in the petition would give rise to jurisdiction under section 211.031 because] the respondent is less than seventeen years of age, the court shall transfer the case to juvenile court for a hearing on a full order of protection. The court shall appoint a guardian ad litem for any such respondent not represented by a parent or guardian.

            455.040. 1. Not later than fifteen days after the filing of a petition [pursuant to sections 455.010 to 455.085] that meets the requirements of section 455.020, a hearing shall be held unless the court deems, for good cause shown, that a continuance should be granted. At the hearing, if the petitioner has proved the allegation of abuse or stalking by a preponderance of the evidence, the court shall issue a full order of protection for a period of time the court deems appropriate, except that the protective order shall be valid for at least one hundred eighty days and not more than one year. Upon motion by the petitioner, and after a hearing by the court, the full order of protection may be renewed for a period of time the court deems appropriate, except that the protective order shall be valid for at least one hundred eighty days and not more than one year from the expiration date of the originally issued full order of protection. The court may, upon finding that it is in the best interest of the parties, include a provision that any full order of protection for one year shall automatically renew unless the respondent requests a hearing by thirty days prior to the expiration of the order. If for good cause a hearing cannot be held on the motion to renew or the objection to an automatic renewal of the full order of protection prior to the expiration date of the originally issued full order of protection, an ex parte order of protection may be issued until a hearing is held on the motion. When an automatic renewal is not authorized, upon motion by the petitioner, and after a hearing by the court, the second full order of protection may be renewed for an additional period of time the court deems appropriate, except that the protective order shall be valid for at least one hundred eighty days and not more than one year. For purposes of this subsection, a finding by the court of a subsequent act of abuse is not required for a renewal order of protection.

            2. The court shall cause a copy of the petition and notice of the date set for the hearing on such petition and any ex parte order of protection to be served upon the respondent as provided by law or by any sheriff or police officer at least three days prior to such hearing. [Such notice shall be served at the earliest time, and service of such notice shall take priority over service in other actions, except those of a similar emergency nature.] The court shall cause a copy of any full order of protection to be served upon or mailed by certified mail to the respondent at the respondent's last known address. Notice of an ex parte or full order of protection shall be served at the earliest time and service of such notice shall take priority over service in other actions, except those of a similar emergency nature. Failure to serve or mail a copy of the full order of protection to the respondent shall not affect the validity or enforceability of a full order of protection.

            3. A copy of any order of protection granted pursuant to sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall be issued to the petitioner and to the local law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction where the petitioner resides. The clerk shall also issue a copy of any order of protection to the local law enforcement agency responsible for maintaining the Missouri uniform law enforcement system or any other comparable law enforcement system the same day the order is granted. The law enforcement agency responsible for maintaining MULES shall, for purposes of verification, within twenty-four hours from the time the order is granted, enter information contained in the order including but not limited to any orders regarding child custody or visitation and all specifics as to times and dates of custody or visitation that are provided in the order. A notice of expiration or of termination of any order of protection or any change in child custody or visitation within that order shall be issued to the local law enforcement agency and to the law enforcement agency responsible for maintaining MULES or any other comparable law enforcement system. The law enforcement agency responsible for maintaining the applicable law enforcement system shall enter such information in the system within twenty-four hours of receipt of information evidencing such expiration or termination. The information contained in an order of protection may be entered in the Missouri uniform law enforcement system or comparable law enforcement system using a direct automated data transfer from the court automated system to the law enforcement system.

            4. The court shall cause a copy of any objection filed by the respondent and notice of the date set for the hearing on such objection to an automatic renewal of a full order of protection for a period of one year to be personally served upon the petitioner by personal process server as provided by law or by a sheriff or police officer at least three days prior to such hearing. Such service of process shall be served at the earliest time and shall take priority over service in other actions except those of a similar emergency nature.

            455.060. 1. After notice and hearing, the court may modify an order of protection at any time, upon subsequent motion filed by the guardian ad litem, the court-appointed special advocate or by either party together with an affidavit showing a change in circumstances sufficient to warrant the modification. All full orders of protection shall be final orders and appealable and shall be for a fixed period of time as provided in section 455.040.

            2. Any order for child support, custody, temporary custody, visitation or maintenance entered under sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall terminate prior to the time fixed in the order upon the issuance of a subsequent order pursuant to chapter 452 or any other Missouri statute.             3. No order entered pursuant to sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall be res judicata to any subsequent proceeding, including, but not limited to, any action brought under chapter 452[, RSMo 1978, as amended].

            4. All provisions of an order of protection shall terminate upon entry of a decree of dissolution of marriage or legal separation except as to those provisions which require the respondent to participate in a court-approved counseling program or enjoin the respondent from abusing, molesting, stalking or disturbing the peace of the petitioner and which enjoin the respondent from entering the premises of the dwelling unit of the petitioner as described in the order of protection when the petitioner continues to reside in that dwelling unit unless the respondent is awarded possession of the dwelling unit pursuant to a decree of dissolution of marriage or legal separation.

            5. Any order of protection or order for child support, custody, temporary custody, visitation or maintenance entered under sections 455.010 to 455.085 shall terminate upon the order of the court granting a motion to terminate the order of protection by the petitioner. [The court shall set the motion to dismiss for hearing and both parties shall have an opportunity to be heard.] Prior to terminating any order of protection, the court may [examine the circumstances of the motion to dismiss and may] inquire of the petitioner or others in camera in order to [assist the court in determining if] determine whether the dismissal is voluntary.

            6. The order of protection may not change the custody of children when an action for dissolution of marriage has been filed or the custody has previously been awarded by a court of competent jurisdiction.

            455.085. 1. When a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe a party has committed a violation of law amounting to abuse or assault, as defined in section 455.010, against a family or household member, the officer may arrest the offending party whether or not the violation occurred in the presence of the arresting officer. When the officer declines to make arrest pursuant to this subsection, the officer shall make a written report of the incident completely describing the offending party, giving the victim's name, time, address, reason why no arrest was made and any other pertinent information. Any law enforcement officer subsequently called to the same address within a twelve-hour period, who shall find probable cause to believe the same offender has again committed a violation as stated in this subsection against the same or any other family or household member, shall arrest the offending party for this subsequent offense. The primary report of nonarrest in the preceding twelve-hour period may be considered as evidence of the defendant's intent in the violation for which arrest occurred. The refusal of the victim to sign an official complaint against the violator shall not prevent an arrest under this subsection.

            2. When a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a party, against whom a protective order has been entered and who has notice of such order entered, has committed an act [of abuse] in violation of such order, the officer shall arrest the offending party-respondent whether or not the violation occurred in the presence of the arresting officer. Refusal of the victim to sign an official complaint against the violator shall not prevent an arrest under this subsection.

            3. When an officer makes an arrest he is not required to arrest two parties involved in an assault when both parties claim to have been assaulted. The arresting officer shall attempt to identify and shall arrest the party he believes is the primary physical aggressor. The term "primary physical aggressor" is defined as the most significant, rather than the first, aggressor. The law enforcement officer shall consider any or all of the following in determining the primary physical aggressor:

            (1) The intent of the law to protect victims [of domestic violence] from continuing [abuse] domestic violence;

            (2) The comparative extent of injuries inflicted or serious threats creating fear of physical injury;

            (3) The history of domestic violence between the persons involved.

 

No law enforcement officer investigating an incident of [family] domestic violence shall threaten the arrest of all parties for the purpose of discouraging requests or law enforcement intervention by any party. Where complaints are received from two or more opposing parties, the officer shall evaluate each complaint separately to determine whether he should seek a warrant for an arrest.             4. In an arrest in which a law enforcement officer acted in good faith reliance on this section, the arresting and assisting law enforcement officers and their employing entities and superiors shall be immune from liability in any civil action alleging false arrest, false imprisonment or malicious prosecution.

            5. When a person against whom an order of protection has been entered fails to surrender custody of minor children to the person to whom custody was awarded in an order of protection, the law enforcement officer shall arrest the respondent, and shall turn the minor children over to the care and custody of the party to whom such care and custody was awarded.

            6. The same procedures, including those designed to protect constitutional rights, shall be applied to the respondent as those applied to any individual detained in police custody.

            7. A violation of the terms and conditions, with regard to [abuse] domestic violence, stalking, child custody, communication initiated by the respondent or entrance upon the premises of the petitioner's dwelling unit or place of employment or school, or being within a certain distance of the petitioner or a child of the petitioner, of an ex parte order of protection of which the respondent has notice, shall be a class A misdemeanor unless the respondent has previously pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty in any division of the circuit court of violating an ex parte order of protection or a full order of protection within five years of the date of the subsequent violation, in which case the subsequent violation shall be a class D felony. Evidence of prior pleas of guilty or findings of guilt shall be heard by the court out of the presence of the jury prior to submission of the case to the jury. If the court finds the existence of such prior pleas of guilty or finding of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, the court shall decide the extent or duration of sentence or other disposition and shall not instruct the jury as to the range of punishment or allow the jury to assess and declare the punishment as a part of its verdict.

            8. A violation of the terms and conditions, with regard to [abuse] domestic violence, stalking, child custody, communication initiated by the respondent or entrance upon the premises of the petitioner's dwelling unit or place of employment or school, or being within a certain distance of the petitioner or a child of the petitioner, of a full order of protection shall be a class A misdemeanor, unless the respondent has previously pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty in any division of the circuit court of violating an ex parte order of protection or a full order of protection within five years of the date of the subsequent violation, in which case the subsequent violation shall be a class D felony. Evidence of prior pleas of guilty or findings of guilt shall be heard by the court out of the presence of the jury prior to submission of the case to the jury. If the court finds the existence of such prior plea of guilty or finding of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, the court shall decide the extent or duration of the sentence or other disposition and shall not instruct the jury as to the range of punishment or allow the jury to assess and declare the punishment as a part of its verdict. For the purposes of this subsection, in addition to the notice provided by actual service of the order, a party is deemed to have notice of an order of protection if the law enforcement officer responding to a call of a reported incident of abuse or violation of an order of protection presented a copy of the order of protection to the respondent.

            9. Good faith attempts to effect a reconciliation of a marriage shall not be deemed tampering with a witness or victim tampering under section 575.270.

            10. Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as creating a private cause of action for damages to enforce the provisions set forth herein.

            455.505. 1. An order of protection for a child who has been subject to domestic violence by a present or former [adult] household member or person stalking the child may be sought under sections 455.500 to 455.538 by the filing of a verified petition alleging such domestic violence by the respondent.

            2. A child's right to relief under sections 455.500 to 455.538 shall not be affected by his leaving the residence or household to avoid domestic violence.

            3. Any protection order issued pursuant to sections 455.500 to 455.538 shall be effective throughout the state in all cities and counties.

            455.513. 1. Upon the filing of a verified petition under sections 455.500 to 455.538, for good cause shown in the petition, and upon finding that no prior order regarding custody is pending or has been made or that the respondent is less than seventeen years of age, the court may immediately issue an ex parte order of protection. An immediate and present danger of [abuse] domestic violence to a child shall constitute good cause for purposes of this section. An ex parte order of protection entered by the court shall be in effect until the time of the hearing. The court shall deny the ex parte and dismiss the petition if the petitioner is not authorized to seek relief under section 455.505.

            2. Upon the entry of the ex parte order of protection, the court shall enter its order appointing a guardian ad litem or court-appointed special advocate to represent the child victim.             3. If the allegations in the petition would give rise to jurisdiction under section 211.031, the court may direct the children's division to conduct an investigation and to provide appropriate services. The division shall submit a written investigative report to the court and to the juvenile officer within thirty days of being ordered to do so. The report shall be made available to the parties and the guardian ad litem or court-appointed special advocate.

            4. If [an ex parte order is entered and] the allegations in the petition would give rise to jurisdiction under section 211.031 because the respondent is less than seventeen years of age, the court may issue an ex parte order and shall transfer the case to juvenile court for a hearing on a full order of protection. Service of process shall be made pursuant to section 455.035.

            455.523. 1. Any full order of protection granted under sections 455.500 to 455.538 shall be to protect the victim from domestic violence and may include such terms as the court reasonably deems necessary to ensure the petitioner's safety, including but not limited to:

            (1) Temporarily enjoining the respondent from abusing, threatening to abuse, molesting or disturbing the peace of the victim;

            (2) Temporarily enjoining the respondent from entering the family home of the victim, except as specifically authorized by the court;

            (3) Temporarily enjoining the respondent from communicating with the victim in any manner or through any medium, except as specifically authorized by the court.

            2. When the court has, after hearing for any full order of protection, issued an order of protection, it may, in addition:

            (1) Award custody of any minor child born to or adopted by the parties when the court has jurisdiction over such child and no prior order regarding custody is pending or has been made, and the best interests of the child require such order be issued;

            (2) Award visitation;

            (3) Award child support in accordance with supreme court rule 88.01 and chapter 452;

            (4) Award maintenance to petitioner when petitioner and respondent are lawfully married in accordance with chapter 452;

            (5) Order respondent to make or to continue to make rent or mortgage payments on a residence occupied by the victim if the respondent is found to have a duty to support the victim or other dependent household members;

            (6) Order the respondent to participate in a court-approved counseling program designed to help [child abusers] stop violent behavior or to treat substance abuse;

            (7) Order the respondent to pay, to the extent that he or she is able, the costs of his or her treatment, together with the treatment costs incurred by the victim;

            (8) Order the respondent to pay a reasonable fee for housing and other services that have been provided or that are being provided to the victim by a shelter for victims of domestic violence.

            455.538. 1. When a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a party, against whom a protective order for a child has been entered, has committed an act of [abuse] domestic violence in violation of that order, he shall have the authority to arrest the respondent whether or not the violation occurred in the presence of the arresting officer.

            2. When a person, against whom an order of protection for a child has been entered, fails to surrender custody of minor children to the person to whom custody was awarded in an order of protection, the law enforcement officer shall arrest the respondent, and shall turn the minor children over to the care and custody of the party to whom such care and custody was awarded.             3. The same procedures, including those designed to protect constitutional rights, shall be applied to the respondent as those applied to any individual detained in police custody.

            4. (1) Violation of the terms and conditions of an ex parte or full order of protection with regard to abuse, child custody, communication initiated by the respondent, or entrance upon the premises of the victim's dwelling unit or place of employment or school, or being within a certain distance of the petitioner or a child of the petitioner, of which the respondent has notice, shall be a class A misdemeanor, unless the respondent has previously pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty in any division of the circuit court of violating an ex parte order of protection or a full order of protection within five years of the date of the subsequent violation, in which case the subsequent violation shall be a class D felony. Evidence of a prior plea of guilty or finding of guilt shall be heard by the court out of the presence of the jury prior to submission of the case to the jury. If the court finds the existence of a prior plea of guilty or finding of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, the court shall decide the extent or duration of sentence or other disposition and shall not instruct the jury as to the range of punishment or allow the jury to assess and declare the punishment as a part of its verdict.

            (2) For purposes of this subsection, in addition to the notice provided by actual service of the order, a party is deemed to have notice of an order of protection for a child if the law enforcement officer responding to a call of a reported incident of abuse or violation of an order of protection for a child presents a copy of the order of protection to the respondent.

            5. The fact that an act by a respondent is a violation of a valid order of protection for a child shall not preclude prosecution of the respondent for other crimes arising out of the incident in which the protection order is alleged to have been violated.

            488.5050. 1. In addition to any other surcharges authorized by statute, the clerk of each court of this state shall collect the surcharges provided for in subsection 2 of this section.

            2. A surcharge of thirty dollars shall be assessed as costs in each circuit court proceeding filed within this state in all criminal cases in which the defendant pleads guilty [or nolo contendere to] , is found guilty or is convicted of a felony, except when the defendant pleads guilty or is found guilty of a class B felony, class A felony, or an unclassified felony, under chapter 195, in which case, the surcharge shall be sixty dollars. A surcharge of fifteen dollars shall be assessed as costs in each court proceeding filed within this state in all other criminal cases, except for traffic violations cases in which the defendant pleads guilty [or nolo contendere to] , is found guilty or is convicted of a misdemeanor.

            3. Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, the moneys collected by clerks of the courts pursuant to the provisions of subsection 1 of this section shall be collected and disbursed in accordance with sections 488.010 to 488.020, and shall be payable to the state treasurer.

            4. [If in the immediate previous fiscal year, the state's general revenue did not increase by two percent or more, the state treasurer shall deposit such moneys or other gifts, grants, or moneys received on a monthly basis into the state general revenue fund. Otherwise the state treasurer shall deposit such moneys in accordance with the provisions of subsection 5 of this section.

            5.] The state treasurer shall deposit such moneys or other gifts, grants, or moneys received on a monthly basis into the "DNA Profiling Analysis Fund", which is hereby created in the state treasury. The fund shall be administered by the department of public safety. The moneys deposited into the DNA profiling analysis fund shall be used only [for DNA profiling analysis of convicted offender samples performed] by the highway patrol crime lab to fulfill the purposes of the DNA profiling system pursuant to section 650.052. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 33.080 to the contrary, any moneys remaining in the fund at the end of the biennium shall not revert to the credit of the general revenue fund.

            [6. The provisions of subsections 1 and 2 of this section shall expire on August 28, 2013.]

            513.653. 1. Law enforcement agencies involved in using the federal forfeiture system under federal law shall [be required at the end of their respective fiscal year to acquire an independent audit of the federal seizures and the proceeds received therefrom and provide this audit to their respective governing body and to the department of public safety. A copy of such audit shall be provided to the state auditor's office. This audit shall be paid for out of the proceeds of such federal forfeitures] file a report regarding federal seizures and the proceeds therefrom. Such report shall be filed annually by January thirty-first for the previous calendar year with the department of public safety and the state auditor's office. The report for the calendar year shall include the type and value of items seized and turned over to the federal forfeiture system, the beginning balance as of January first of federal forfeiture funds or assets previously received and not expended or used, the proceeds received from the federal government (the equitable sharing amount), the expenditures resulting from the proceeds received, and the ending balance as of December thirty-first of federal forfeiture funds or assets on hand. The department of public safety shall not issue funds to any law enforcement agency that fails to comply with the provisions of this section.

            2. Intentional or knowing failure to comply with the [audit] reporting requirement contained in this section shall be a class A misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of up to one thousand dollars.

            527.290. 1. Public notice of such a change of name shall be given at least three times in a newspaper published in the county where such person is residing, within twenty days after the order of court is made, and if no newspaper is published in his or any adjacent county, then such notice shall be given in a newspaper published in the City of St. Louis, or at the seat of government.

            2. Public notice of such name change through publication as required in subsection 1 of this section shall not be required and any system operated by the judiciary that is designed to provide public case information electronically shall not post the name change if the petitioner is:

            (1) The victim of a crime, the underlying factual basis of which is found by the court on the record to include an act of domestic violence, as defined in section 455.010;

            (2) The victim of child abuse, as defined in section 210.110; or

            (3) The victim of [abuse] domestic violence by a family or household member, as defined in section 455.010.

            544.456. 1. This section shall be known and may be cited as "Sam Pratt's Law".

            2. In any case involving abuse, neglect, or death of a child, any court with competent jurisdiction may impose as a condition of release of a defendant under section 544.455 that such defendant be prohibited from providing child care services for compensation pending final disposition of the case.

            558.019. 1. This section shall not be construed to affect the powers of the governor under article IV, section 7, of the Missouri Constitution. This statute shall not affect those provisions of section 565.020, section 558.018 or section 571.015, which set minimum terms of sentences, or the provisions of section 559.115, relating to probation.

            2. The provisions of subsections 2 to 5 of this section shall be applicable to all classes of felonies except those set forth in chapter 195, and those otherwise excluded in subsection 1 of this section. For the purposes of this section, "prison commitment" means and is the receipt by the department of corrections of an offender after sentencing. For purposes of this section, prior prison commitments to the department of corrections shall not include commitment to a regimented discipline program established pursuant to section 217.378. Other provisions of the law to the contrary notwithstanding, any offender who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of a felony other than a dangerous felony as defined in section 556.061 and is committed to the department of corrections shall be required to serve the following minimum prison terms:

            (1) If the offender has one previous prison commitment to the department of corrections for a felony offense, the minimum prison term which the offender must serve shall be forty percent of his or her sentence or until the offender attains seventy years of age, and has served at least thirty percent of the sentence imposed, whichever occurs first;

            (2) If the offender has two previous prison commitments to the department of corrections for felonies unrelated to the present offense, the minimum prison term which the offender must serve shall be fifty percent of his or her sentence or until the offender attains seventy years of age, and has served at least forty percent of the sentence imposed, whichever occurs first;

            (3) If the offender has three or more previous prison commitments to the department of corrections for felonies unrelated to the present offense, the minimum prison term which the offender must serve shall be eighty percent of his or her sentence or until the offender attains seventy years of age, and has served at least forty percent of the sentence imposed, whichever occurs first.

            3. Other provisions of the law to the contrary notwithstanding, any offender who has pleaded guilty to or has been found guilty of a dangerous felony as defined in section 556.061 and is committed to the department of corrections shall be required to serve a minimum prison term of eighty-five percent of the sentence imposed by the court or until the offender attains seventy years of age, and has served at least forty percent of the sentence imposed, whichever occurs first.

            4. For the purpose of determining the minimum prison term to be served, the following calculations shall apply:

            (1) A sentence of life shall be calculated to be thirty years;

            (2) Any sentence either alone or in the aggregate with other consecutive sentences for crimes committed at or near the same time which is over seventy-five years shall be calculated to be seventy-five years.

            5. For purposes of this section, the term "minimum prison term" shall mean time required to be served by the offender before he or she is eligible for parole, conditional release or other early release by the department of corrections.

            6. (1) A sentencing advisory commission is hereby created to consist of eleven members. One member shall be appointed by the speaker of the house. One member shall be appointed by the president pro tem of the senate. One member shall be the director of the department of corrections. Six members shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the governor from among the following: the public defender commission; private citizens; a private member of the Missouri Bar; the board of probation and parole; and a prosecutor. Two members shall be appointed by the supreme court, one from a metropolitan area and one from a rural area. All members shall be appointed to a four-year term. All members of the sentencing commission appointed prior to August 28, 1994, shall continue to serve on the sentencing advisory commission at the pleasure of the governor.

            (2) The commission shall study sentencing practices in the circuit courts throughout the state for the purpose of determining whether and to what extent disparities exist among the various circuit courts with respect to the length of sentences imposed and the use of probation for offenders convicted of the same or similar crimes and with similar criminal histories. The commission shall also study and examine whether and to what extent sentencing disparity among economic and social classes exists in relation to the sentence of death and if so, the reasons therefor sentences are comparable to other states, if the length of the sentence is appropriate, and the rate of rehabilitation based on sentence. It shall compile statistics, examine cases, draw conclusions, and perform other duties relevant to the research and investigation of disparities in death penalty sentencing among economic and social classes.

            (3) [The commission shall establish a system of recommended sentences, within the statutory minimum and maximum sentences provided by law for each felony committed under the laws of this state. This system of recommended sentences shall be distributed to all sentencing courts within the state of Missouri. The recommended sentence for each crime shall take into account, but not be limited to, the following factors:

            (a) The nature and severity of each offense;

            (b) The record of prior offenses by the offender;

            (c) The data gathered by the commission showing the duration and nature of sentences imposed for each crime; and

            (d) The resources of the department of corrections and other authorities to carry out the punishments that are imposed.

            (4)] The commission shall study alternative sentences, prison work programs, work release, home-based incarceration, probation and parole options, and any other programs and report the feasibility of these options in Missouri.

            [(5) The commission shall publish and distribute its recommendations on or before July 1, 2004. The commission shall study the implementation and use of the recommendations until July 1, 2005, and return a report to the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, and the president pro tem of the senate. Following the July 1, 2005, report, the commission shall revise the recommended sentences every two years.

            (6)] (4) The governor shall select a chairperson who shall call meetings of the commission as required or permitted pursuant to the purpose of the sentencing commission.

            [(7)] (5) The members of the commission shall not receive compensation for their duties on the commission, but shall be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of these duties and for which they are not reimbursed by reason of their other paid positions.

            [(8)] (6) The circuit and associate circuit courts of this state, the office of the state courts administrator, the department of public safety, and the department of corrections shall cooperate with the commission by providing information or access to information needed by the commission. The office of the state courts administrator will provide needed staffing resources.

            7. Courts shall retain discretion to lower or exceed the sentence recommended by the commission as otherwise allowable by law, and to order restorative justice methods, when applicable.

            8. If the imposition or execution of a sentence is suspended, the court may order any or all of the following restorative justice methods, or any other method that the court finds just or appropriate:

            (1) Restitution to any victim or a statutorily created fund for costs incurred as a result of the offender's actions;

            (2) Offender treatment programs;

            (3) Mandatory community service;

            (4) Work release programs in local facilities; and

            (5) Community-based residential and nonresidential programs.

            9. The provisions of this section shall apply only to offenses occurring on or after August 28, 2003.

            10. Pursuant to subdivision (1) of subsection 8 of this section, the court may order the assessment and payment of a designated amount of restitution to a county law enforcement restitution fund established by the county commission pursuant to section 50.565. Such contribution shall not exceed three hundred dollars for any charged offense. Any restitution moneys deposited into the county law enforcement restitution fund pursuant to this section shall only be expended pursuant to the provisions of section 50.565.

            11. A judge may order payment to a restitution fund only if such fund had been created by ordinance or resolution of a county of the state of Missouri prior to sentencing. A judge shall not have any direct supervisory authority or administrative control over any fund to which the judge is ordering a defendant to make payment.

            12. A defendant who fails to make a payment to a county law enforcement restitution fund may not have his or her probation revoked solely for failing to make such payment unless the judge, after evidentiary hearing, makes a finding supported by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant either willfully refused to make the payment or that the defendant willfully, intentionally, and purposefully failed to make sufficient bona fide efforts to acquire the resources to pay.

            13. Nothing in this section shall be construed to allow the sentencing advisory commission to issue recommended sentences in specific cases pending in the courts of this state.

            565.074. 1. A person commits the crime of domestic assault in the third degree if the act involves a family or household member [or an adult who is or has been in a continuing social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the actor], as defined in section 455.010 and:

            (1) The person attempts to cause or recklessly causes physical injury to such family or household member; or

            (2) With criminal negligence the person causes physical injury to such family or household member by means of a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument; or

            (3) The person purposely places such family or household member in apprehension of immediate physical injury by any means; or

            (4) The person recklessly engages in conduct which creates a grave risk of death or serious physical injury to such family or household member; or

            (5) The person knowingly causes physical contact with such family or household member knowing the other person will regard the contact as offensive; or

            (6) The person knowingly attempts to cause or causes the isolation of such family or household member by unreasonably and substantially restricting or limiting such family or household member's access to other persons, telecommunication devices or transportation for the purpose of isolation.

            2. Except as provided in subsection 3 of this section, domestic assault in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor.

            3. A person who has pleaded guilty to or been found guilty of the crime of domestic assault in the third degree more than two times against any family or household member as defined in section 455.010, or of any offense committed in violation of any county or municipal ordinance in any state, any state law, any federal law, or any military law which, if committed in this state, would be a violation of this section, is guilty of a class D felony for the third or any subsequent commission of the crime of domestic assault. The offenses described in this subsection may be against the same family or household member or against different family or household members.

            565.182. 1. A person commits the crime of elder abuse in the second degree if he:

            (1) Knowingly causes, attempts to cause physical injury to any person sixty years of age or older or an eligible adult, as defined in section 660.250, by means of a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument; or

            (2) Recklessly [and] or purposely causes serious physical injury, as defined in section 565.002, to a person sixty years of age or older or an eligible adult as defined in section 660.250.             2. Elder abuse in the second degree is a class B felony.

            570.145. 1. A person commits the crime of financial exploitation of an elderly or disabled person if such person knowingly [and] by deception, intimidation, undue influence, or force obtains control over the elderly or disabled person's property with the intent to permanently deprive the elderly or disabled person of the use, benefit or possession of his or her property thereby benefitting such person or detrimentally affecting the elderly or disabled person. Financial exploitation of an elderly or disabled person is a class A misdemeanor if the value of the property is less than fifty dollars, a class D felony if the value of the property is fifty dollars but less than five hundred dollars, a class C felony if the value of the property is five hundred dollars but less than one thousand dollars, a class B felony if the value of the property is one thousand dollars but less than fifty thousand dollars, and a class A felony if the value of the property is fifty thousand dollars or more.

            2. For purposes of this section, the following terms mean:

            (1) "Deception", a misrepresentation or concealment of material fact relating to the terms of a contract or agreement entered into with the elderly or disabled person or to the existing or preexisting condition of any of the property involved in such contract or agreement, or the use or employment of any misrepresentation, false pretense or false promise in order to induce, encourage or solicit the elderly or disabled person to enter into a contract or agreement. Deception includes:

            (a) Creating or confirming another person's impression which is false and which the offender does not believe to be true; or

            (b) Failure to correct a false impression which the offender previously has created or confirmed; or

            (c) Preventing another person from acquiring information pertinent to the disposition of the property involved; or

            (d) Selling or otherwise transferring or encumbering property, failing to disclose a lien, adverse claim or other legal impediment to the enjoyment of the property, whether such impediment is or is not valid, or is or is not a matter of official record; or

            (e) Promising performance which the offender does not intend to perform or knows will not be performed. Failure to perform standing alone is not sufficient evidence to prove that the offender did not intend to perform;

            (2) "Disabled person", a person with a mental, physical, or developmental disability that substantially impairs the person's ability to provide adequately for the person's care or protection;

            (3) "Elderly person", a person sixty years of age or older;

            (4) "Intimidation", a threat of physical or emotional harm to an elderly or disabled person, or the communication to an elderly or disabled person that he or she will be deprived of food and nutrition, shelter, prescribed medication, or medical care and treatment;

            (5) "Undue influence", use of influence by an individual who exercises authority over an elderly person or disabled person in order to take unfair advantage of such person's vulnerable state of mind, neediness, pain, or agony. Undue influence includes, but is not limited to, the improper or fraudulent use of a power of attorney, guardianship, conservatorship, or other fiduciary authority.

            3. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the remedies available to the victim pursuant to any state law relating to domestic violence.

            4. Nothing in this section shall be construed to impose criminal liability on a person who has made a good faith effort to assist the elderly or disabled person in the management of his or her property, but through no fault of his or her own has been unable to provide such assistance.             5. Nothing in this section shall limit the ability to engage in bona fide estate planning, to transfer property and to otherwise seek to reduce estate and inheritance taxes; provided that such actions do not adversely impact the standard of living to which the elderly or disabled person has become accustomed at the time of such actions.

            6. It shall not be a defense to financial exploitation of an elderly or disabled person that the accused reasonably believed that the victim was not an elderly or disabled person.

            7. (1) It shall be a violation of section 570.145 for any person receiving or in the possession of funds of a MO HealthNet-eligible elderly or disabled person residing in a facility licensed under chapter 198 to fail to remit to the facility in which the MO HealthNet-eligible person resides all money owing the facility resident from any source, including but not limited to Social Security, railroad retirement, or payments from any other source disclosed as resident income contained in the records of the family support division of the department of social services, or its successor agency. The family support division or its successor agency is authorized to release information from its records containing the resident's income or assets to any prosecuting or circuit attorney in the state of Missouri for purposes of investigating or prosecuting any suspected violation of this section.

            (2) The prosecuting or circuit attorney of any county containing a facility licensed under chapter 198 who successfully prosecutes a violation of the provisions of subsection 1 of this section may request the circuit court of the county in which the offender pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a violation, as a condition of sentence or probation, to order restitution of all amounts unlawfully withheld from a facility in his or her county. Any order of restitution entered by the court or by agreement shall provide that ten percent of any restitution installment or payment paid by or on behalf of the defendant or defendants shall be paid to the prosecuting or circuit attorney of the county successfully prosecuting the violation to compensate for the costs of prosecution with the remaining amount to be paid to the facility.

            574.035. 1. This section shall be known and may be cited as the "House of Worship Protection Act".

            2. For purposes of this section, "house of worship" means any church, synagogue, other building or structure, or public or private place used for religious worship, religious instruction, or other religious purpose.

            3. A person commits the crime of disrupting a house of worship if such person:

            (1) Intentionally and unreasonably disturbs, interrupts, or disquiets any house of worship by using profane discourse, rude or indecent behavior, or making noise either within the house of worship or so near it as to disturb the order and solemnity of the worship services; or

            (2) Intentionally injures, intimidates, or interferes with or attempts to injure, intimidate, or interfere with any person lawfully exercising the right of religious freedom in or outside of a house of worship or seeking access to a house of worship, whether by force, threat, or physical obstruction.

            4. Disrupting a house of worship is a class B misdemeanor. Any second offense is a class A misdemeanor. Any third or subsequent office is a class D felony.

            5. In addition to any criminal penalty for violating the provisions of this section, any person aggrieved by conduct prohibited under this section may commence a civil action for appropriate relief, including but not limited to temporary, preliminary, or permanent injunctive relief, and compensatory and punitive damages, as well as costs and reasonable attorney's fees.

            574.085. 1. A person commits the crime of institutional vandalism by knowingly vandalizing, defacing or otherwise damaging:

            (1) Any church, synagogue or other building, structure or place used for religious worship or other religious purpose;

            (2) Any cemetery, mortuary, military monument or other facility used for the purpose of burial or memorializing the dead;

            (3) Any school, educational facility, community center, hospital or medical clinic owned and operated by a religious or sectarian group;

            (4) The grounds adjacent to, and owned or rented by, any institution, facility, building, structure or place described in subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of this subsection;

            (5) Any personal property contained in any institution, facility, building, structure or place described in subdivision (1), (2), or (3) of this subsection; or

            (6) Any motor vehicle which is owned, operated, leased or under contract by a school district or a private school for the transportation of school children.

            2. Institutional vandalism is punishable as follows:

            (1) Institutional vandalism is a class A misdemeanor, except as provided in subdivisions (2) and (3) of this subsection;

            (2) Institutional vandalism is a class D felony if the offender commits any act described in subsection 1 of this section which causes damage to, or loss of, the property of another in an amount in excess of one thousand dollars;

            (3) Institutional vandalism is a class C felony if the offender commits any act described in subsection 1 of this section which causes damage to, or loss of, the property of another in an amount in excess of five thousand dollars.

            3. In determining the amount of damage to property or loss of property, for purposes of this section, damage includes the cost of repair or, where necessary, replacement of the property that was damaged or lost.

            4. In addition to any criminal penalty for violating the provisions of this section, any person aggrieved by conduct prohibited under this section may commence a civil action for appropriate relief, including but not limited to temporary, preliminary, or permanent injunctive relief, and compensatory and punitive damages, as well as costs and reasonable attorney's fees.

            575.045. 1. A person commits the crime of false identification to a law enforcement officer if such person falsely represents or identifies himself or herself as another person or as a fictitious person to a law enforcement officer upon a lawful stop or a lawful detention, or an arrest of the person, either for the purpose of evading the process of the court, or for the purpose of evading the proper identification of the person by the law enforcement officer if:

            (1) The false information is given while the law enforcement officer is engaged in the performance of his or her duties as a law enforcement officer; and

            (2) The person providing the false information knows or should have known that the person receiving the information is a law enforcement officer.

            2. It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection 1 of this section that the actor retracted the false statement or report before the law enforcement officer or any other person took substantial action in reliance thereon.

            3. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of retraction under subsection 2 of this section.

            4. False identification to a law enforcement officer is a class B misdemeanor.

            575.060. 1. A person commits the crime of making a false declaration if, with the purpose to mislead a public servant in the performance of his or her duty, [he] such person:

            (1) Submits any written false statement, which he or she does not believe to be true

            (a) In an application for any pecuniary benefit or other consideration; or

            (b) On a form bearing notice, authorized by law, that false statements made therein are punishable; or

            (2) Submits or invites reliance on:

            (a) Any writing which he or she knows to be forged, altered or otherwise lacking in authenticity; or

            (b) Any sample, specimen, map, boundary mark, or other object which he or she knows to be false; or

            (3) Provides any verbal false statement regarding their identity, which he or she believes or knows not to be true.

            2. The falsity of the statement or the item under subsection 1 of this section must be as to a fact which is material to the purposes for which the statement is made or the item submitted; and the provisions of subsections 2 and 3 of section 575.040 shall apply to prosecutions under subsection 1 of this section.

            3. It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection 1 of this section that the actor retracted the false statement or item but this defense shall not apply if the retraction was made after:

            (1) The falsity of the statement or item was exposed; or

            (2) The public servant took substantial action in reliance on the statement or item.

            4. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of retraction under subsection 3 of this section.

            5. For the purpose of this section, "written" shall include filings submitted in an electronic or other format or medium approved or prescribed by the secretary of state.

            6. Making a false declaration is a class B misdemeanor.

            575.070. No person shall be convicted of a violation of sections 575.040, 575.045, 575.050 or 575.060 based upon the making of a false statement except upon proof of the falsity of the statement by:

            (1) The direct evidence of two witnesses; or

            (2) The direct evidence of one witness together with strongly corroborating circumstances; or

            (3) Demonstrative evidence which conclusively proves the falsity of the statement; or

            (4) A directly contradictory statement by the defendant under oath together with

            (a) The direct evidence of one witness; or

            (b) Strongly corroborating circumstances; or

            (5) A judicial admission by the defendant that he made the statement knowing it was false. An admission, which is not a judicial admission, by the defendant that he made the statement knowing it was false may constitute strongly corroborating circumstances.

            575.080. 1. A person commits the crime of making a false report if [he] such person knowingly:

            (1) Gives false information to any person for the purpose of implicating another person in a crime; or

            (2) Makes a false report to a law enforcement officer, with an intent to deceive, that a crime has occurred or is about to occur; or

            (3) Makes a false report or causes a false report to be made to a law enforcement officer, security officer, fire department or other organization, official or volunteer, which deals with emergencies involving danger to life or property that a fire or other incident calling for an emergency response has occurred or is about to occur.

            2. It is a defense to a prosecution under subsection 1 of this section that the actor retracted the false statement or report before the law enforcement officer or any other person took substantial action in reliance thereon.

            3. The defendant shall have the burden of injecting the issue of retraction under subsection 2 of this section.

            4. Making a false report is a class B misdemeanor unless committed under subdivision (2) of subsection 1 of this section when the crime which was falsely reported was a felony, in which case it is a class D felony.

            610.021. Except to the extent disclosure is otherwise required by law, a public governmental body is authorized to close meetings, records and votes, to the extent they relate to the following:

            (1) Legal actions, causes of action or litigation involving a public governmental body and any confidential or privileged communications between a public governmental body or its representatives and its attorneys. However, any minutes, vote or settlement agreement relating to legal actions, causes of action or litigation involving a public governmental body or any agent or entity representing its interests or acting on its behalf or with its authority, including any insurance company acting on behalf of a public government body as its insured, shall be made public upon final disposition of the matter voted upon or upon the signing by the parties of the settlement agreement, unless, prior to final disposition, the settlement agreement is ordered closed by a court after a written finding that the adverse impact to a plaintiff or plaintiffs to the action clearly outweighs the public policy considerations of section 610.011, however, the amount of any moneys paid by, or on behalf of, the public governmental body shall be disclosed; provided, however, in matters involving the exercise of the power of eminent domain, the vote shall be announced or become public immediately following the action on the motion to authorize institution of such a legal action. Legal work product shall be considered a closed record;

            (2) Leasing, purchase or sale of real estate by a public governmental body where public knowledge of the transaction might adversely affect the legal consideration therefor. However, any minutes, vote or public record approving a contract relating to the leasing, purchase or sale of real estate by a public governmental body shall be made public upon execution of the lease, purchase or sale of the real estate;

            (3) Hiring, firing, disciplining or promoting of particular employees by a public governmental body when personal information about the employee is discussed or recorded. However, any vote on a final decision, when taken by a public governmental body, to hire, fire, promote or discipline an employee of a public governmental body shall be made available with a record of how each member voted to the public within seventy-two hours of the close of the meeting where such action occurs; provided, however, that any employee so affected shall be entitled to prompt notice of such decision during the seventy-two-hour period before such decision is made available to the public.

As used in this subdivision, the term "personal information" means information relating to the performance or merit of individual employees;

            (4) The state militia or national guard or any part thereof;

            (5) Nonjudicial mental or physical health proceedings involving identifiable persons, including medical, psychiatric, psychological, or alcoholism or drug dependency diagnosis or treatment;

            (6) Scholastic probation, expulsion, or graduation of identifiable individuals, including records of individual test or examination scores; however, personally identifiable student records maintained by public educational institutions shall be open for inspection by the parents, guardian or other custodian of students under the age of eighteen years and by the parents, guardian or other custodian and the student if the student is over the age of eighteen years;

            (7) Testing and examination materials, before the test or examination is given or, if it is to be given again, before so given again;

            (8) Welfare cases of identifiable individuals;

            (9) Preparation, including any discussions or work product, on behalf of a public governmental body or its representatives for negotiations with employee groups;

            (10) Software codes for electronic data processing and documentation thereof;

            (11) Specifications for competitive bidding, until either the specifications are officially approved by the public governmental body or the specifications are published for bid;

            (12) Sealed bids and related documents, until the bids are opened; and sealed proposals and related documents or any documents related to a negotiated contract until a contract is executed, or all proposals are rejected;

            (13) Individually identifiable personnel records, performance ratings or records pertaining to employees or applicants for employment, except that this exemption shall not apply to the names, positions, salaries and lengths of service of officers and employees of public agencies once they are employed as such, and the names of private sources donating or contributing money to the salary of a chancellor or president at all public colleges and universities in the state of Missouri and the amount of money contributed by the source;

            (14) Records which are protected from disclosure by law;

            (15) Meetings and public records relating to scientific and technological innovations in which the owner has a proprietary interest;

            (16) Records relating to municipal hotlines established for the reporting of abuse and wrongdoing;

            (17) Confidential or privileged communications between a public governmental body and its auditor, including all auditor work product; however, all final audit reports issued by the auditor are to be considered open records pursuant to this chapter;

            (18) Operational guidelines and policies developed, adopted, or maintained by any public agency responsible for law enforcement, public safety, first response, or public health for use in responding to or preventing any critical incident which is or appears to be terrorist in nature and which has the potential to endanger individual or public safety or health. Nothing in this exception shall be deemed to close information regarding expenditures, purchases, or contracts made by an agency in implementing these guidelines or policies. When seeking to close information pursuant to this exception, the agency shall affirmatively state in writing that disclosure would impair its ability to protect the safety or health of persons, and shall in the same writing state that the public interest in nondisclosure outweighs the public interest in disclosure of the records. This exception shall sunset on December 31, [2012] 2016;

            (19) Existing or proposed security systems and structural plans of real property owned or leased by a public governmental body, and information that is voluntarily submitted by a nonpublic entity owning or operating an infrastructure to any public governmental body for use by that body to devise plans for protection of that infrastructure, the public disclosure of which would threaten public safety:

            (a) Records related to the procurement of or expenditures relating to security systems purchased with public funds shall be open;

            (b) When seeking to close information pursuant to this exception, the public governmental body shall affirmatively state in writing that disclosure would impair the public governmental body's ability to protect the security or safety of persons or real property, and shall in the same writing state that the public interest in nondisclosure outweighs the public interest in disclosure of the records;

            (c) Records that are voluntarily submitted by a nonpublic entity shall be reviewed by the receiving agency within ninety days of submission to determine if retention of the document is necessary in furtherance of a state security interest. If retention is not necessary, the documents shall be returned to the nonpublic governmental body or destroyed;

            (d) This exception shall sunset on December 31, [2012] 2016;

            (20) Records that identify the configuration of components or the operation of a computer, computer system, computer network, or telecommunications network, and would allow unauthorized access to or unlawful disruption of a computer, computer system, computer network, or telecommunications network of a public governmental body. This exception shall not be used to limit or deny access to otherwise public records in a file, document, data file or database containing public records. Records related to the procurement of or expenditures relating to such computer, computer system, computer network, or telecommunications network, including the amount of moneys paid by, or on behalf of, a public governmental body for such computer, computer system, computer network, or telecommunications network shall be open;

            (21) Credit card numbers, personal identification numbers, digital certificates, physical and virtual keys, access codes or authorization codes that are used to protect the security of electronic transactions between a public governmental body and a person or entity doing business with a public governmental body. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to close the record of a person or entity using a credit card held in the name of a public governmental body or any record of a transaction made by a person using a credit card or other method of payment for which reimbursement is made by a public governmental body; and

            (22) Records submitted by an individual, corporation, or other business entity to a public institution of higher education in connection with a proposal to license intellectual property or perform sponsored research and which contains sales projections or other business plan information the disclosure of which may endanger the competitiveness of a business.

            610.205. 1. After an investigation is inactive, crime scene or death scene photographs and video recordings, including photographs and video recordings created or produced by a state or local agency or by a perpetrator or suspect at a crime scene, which depict or describe a deceased person in a state of dismemberment, decapitation, or similar mutilation including, without limitation, where the deceased person's genitalia are exposed, shall be considered open records for inspection, but closed records for purposes of copying under the provisions of this chapter; provided, however, that this section shall not prohibit disclosure of such material to the deceased's next of kin or to an individual who has secured a written release from the next of kin. It shall be the responsibility of the next of kin to show proof of the familial relationship. For purposes of such access, the deceased's next of kin shall be:

            (1) The spouse of the deceased if living;

            (2) If there is no living spouse of the deceased, an adult child of the deceased; or

            (3) If there is no living spouse or adult child, a parent of the deceased.

            2. Subject to the provisions of subsection 3 of this section, in the case of closed criminal investigations a circuit court judge may order the disclosure of such photographs or video recordings upon findings in writing that disclosure is in the public interest and outweighs any privacy interest that may be asserted by the deceased person's next of kin. In making such determination, the court shall consider whether such disclosure is necessary for public evaluation of governmental performance, the seriousness of the intrusion into the family's right to privacy, and whether such disclosure is the least intrusive means available considering the availability of similar information in other public records. In any such action, the court shall review the photographs or video recordings in question in camera with the custodian of the crime scene materials present and may condition any disclosure on such condition as the court may deem necessary to accommodate the interests of the parties.

            3. Prior to releasing any crime scene material described in subsection 1 of this section, the custodian of such material shall give the deceased person's next of kin at least two weeks' notice. No court shall order a disclosure under subsection 2 of this section which would disregard or shorten the duration of such notice requirement.

            4. The provisions of this section shall apply to all undisclosed material which is in the custody of a state or local agency on the effective date of this section and to any such material which comes into the custody of a state or local agency after such date.

            5. The provisions of this section shall not apply to disclosure of crime scene material to counsel representing a defendant. Counsel may disclose such materials to his or her client and any expert or investigator assisting counsel but shall not otherwise disseminate such materials, except to the extent they may be necessary exhibits in court proceedings. A request under this subsection shall clearly state that such request is being made for the purpose of preparing to file and litigate proceedings enumerated in this subsection.

            650.055. 1. Every individual, in a Missouri circuit court, who:

            (1) Pleads guilty to or is found guilty of a felony or any offense under chapter 566[,] ; or [who]

            (2) Is seventeen years of age or older and [who is] arrested for burglary in the first degree under section 569.160, or burglary in the second degree under section 569.170, or a felony offense under [chapters] chapter 565, 566, 567, 568, or 573[,] ; or

            (3) Has been determined to be a sexually violent predator pursuant to sections 632.480 to 632.513[,] ; or

            (4) Is an individual required to register as a sexual offender under sections 589.400 to 589.425[,] ;

 

shall have a fingerprint and blood or scientifically accepted biological sample collected for purposes of DNA profiling analysis[:] .

            2. Any individual subject to DNA collection and profiling analysis under this section shall provide a DNA sample:

            (1) Upon booking at a county jail or detention facility; or

            (2) Upon entering or before release from the department of corrections reception and diagnostic centers; or

            (3) Upon entering or before release from a county jail or detention facility, state correctional facility, or any other detention facility or institution, whether operated by a private, local, or state agency, or any mental health facility if committed as a sexually violent predator pursuant to sections 632.480 to 632.513; or

            (4) When the state accepts a person from another state under any interstate compact, or under any other reciprocal agreement with any county, state, or federal agency, or any other provision of law, whether or not the person is confined or released, the acceptance is conditional on the person providing a DNA sample if the person was convicted of, found guilty of or pleaded guilty to[, or pleaded nolo contendere to an] a felony offense [in any other jurisdiction which would be considered a qualifying offense as defined in this section if committed in this state, or if the person was convicted of, pleaded guilty to, or pleaded nolo contendere to any equivalent offense] in any other jurisdiction; or

            (5) If such individual is under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections. Such jurisdiction includes persons currently incarcerated, persons on probation, as defined in section 217.650, and on parole, as also defined in section 217.650; or

            (6) At the time of registering as a sex offender under sections 589.400 to 589.425.             [2.] 3. The Missouri state highway patrol and department of corrections shall be responsible for ensuring adherence to the law. Any person required to provide a DNA sample pursuant to this section shall be required to provide such sample, without the right of refusal, at a collection site designated by the Missouri state highway patrol and the department of corrections. Authorized personnel collecting or assisting in the collection of samples shall not be liable in any civil or criminal action when the act is performed in a reasonable manner. Such force may be used as necessary to the effectual carrying out and application of such processes and operations. The enforcement of these provisions by the authorities in charge of state correctional institutions and others having custody or jurisdiction over [those who have been arrested for, convicted of, pleaded guilty to, or pleaded nolo contendere to felony offenses] individuals included in subsection 1 of this section which shall not be set aside or reversed is hereby made mandatory. The board of probation or parole shall recommend that an individual on probation or parole who refuses to provide a DNA sample have his or her probation or parole revoked. In the event that a person's DNA sample is not adequate for any reason, the person shall provide another sample for analysis.

            [3.] 4. The procedure and rules for the collection, analysis, storage, expungement, use of DNA database records and privacy concerns shall not conflict with procedures and rules applicable to the Missouri DNA profiling system and the Federal Bureau of Investigation's DNA databank system.

            [4.] 5. Unauthorized [uses] use or dissemination of individually identifiable DNA information in a database for purposes other than criminal justice or law enforcement is a class A misdemeanor.

            [5.] 6. Implementation of sections 650.050 to 650.100 shall be subject to future appropriations to keep Missouri's DNA system compatible with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's DNA databank system.

            [6.] 7. All DNA records and biological materials retained in the DNA profiling system are considered closed records pursuant to chapter 610. All records containing any information held or maintained by any person or by any agency, department, or political subdivision of the state concerning an individual's DNA profile shall be strictly confidential and shall not be disclosed, except to:

            (1) Peace officers, as defined in section 590.010, and other employees of law enforcement agencies who need to obtain such records to perform their public duties;

            (2) The attorney general or any assistant attorneys general acting on his or her behalf, as defined in chapter 27;

            (3) Prosecuting attorneys or circuit attorneys as defined in chapter 56, and their employees who need to obtain such records to perform their public duties;

            (4) The individual whose DNA sample has been collected, or his or her attorney; or

            (5) Associate circuit judges, circuit judges, judges of the courts of appeals, supreme court judges, and their employees who need to obtain such records to perform their public duties.

            [7.] 8. Any person who obtains records pursuant to the provisions of this section shall use such records only for investigative and prosecutorial purposes, including but not limited to use at any criminal trial, hearing, or proceeding; or for law enforcement identification purposes, including identification of human remains. Such records shall be considered strictly confidential and shall only be released as authorized by this section.

            [8. Within ninety days of warrant refusal, the arresting agency shall notify the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory which shall expunge all DNA records taken at the arrest for which the warrant was refused in the database pertaining to the person and destroy the DNA sample of the person, unless the Missouri state highway patrol determines that the person is otherwise obligated to submit a DNA sample.]

            9. An individual may request expungement of his or her DNA sample and DNA profile through the court issuing the reversal or dismissal. A certified copy of the court order establishing that such conviction has been reversed or guilty plea [or plea of nolo contendere] has been set aside shall be sent to the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory. Upon receipt of the court order, the laboratory will determine that the requesting individual has no other qualifying offense as a result of any separate plea or conviction and no other qualifying arrest prior to expungement.

            (1) A person whose DNA record or DNA profile has been included in the state DNA database in accordance with this section[, section 488.5050,] and sections 650.050, 650.052, and 650.100 may request expungement on the grounds that the conviction has been reversed, or the guilty plea [or plea of nolo contendere] on which the authority for including that person's DNA record or DNA profile was based has been set aside.

            (2) Upon receipt of a written request for expungement, a certified copy of the final court order reversing the conviction or setting aside the plea and any other information necessary to ascertain the validity of the request, the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory shall expunge all DNA records and identifiable information in the state DNA database pertaining to the person and destroy the DNA sample of the person, unless the Missouri state highway patrol determines that the person is otherwise obligated to submit a DNA sample. Within thirty days after the receipt of the court order, the Missouri state highway patrol shall notify the individual that it has expunged his or her DNA sample and DNA profile, or the basis for its determination that the person is otherwise obligated to submit a DNA sample.

            (3) The Missouri state highway patrol is not required to destroy any item of physical evidence obtained from a DNA sample if evidence relating to another person would thereby be destroyed.

            (4) Any identification, warrant, arrest, or evidentiary use of a DNA match derived from the database shall not be excluded or suppressed from evidence, nor shall any conviction be invalidated or reversed or plea set aside due to the failure to expunge or a delay in expunging DNA records.

            [9.] 10. When a DNA sample is taken of an arrestee for any offense listed under subsection 1 of this section and the warrant is refused, the arresting agency shall notify the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory within sixty days of warrant refusal and the crime laboratory shall expunge all DNA records taken at the arrest for which the warrant was refused in the database pertaining to the person and destroy the DNA sample of the person, unless the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory determines that the person is otherwise obligated to submit a DNA sample. Prior to expungement, the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory shall determine whether the individual has any other qualifying offenses or arrests that would require a DNA sample to be taken and retained prior to expungement under this subsection. The Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory shall have ninety days from the date it receives notice to determine whether the DNA sample shall be expunged.

             11. When a DNA sample is taken of an arrestee for any offense listed under subsection 1 of this section and charges are filed:

            (1) If the charges are later withdrawn, the prosecutor shall notify the state highway patrol crime laboratory that such charges have been withdrawn;

            (2) If the case is dismissed, the court shall notify the state highway patrol crime laboratory of such dismissal;

            (3) If the court finds at the preliminary hearing that there is no probable cause that the defendant committed the offense, the court shall notify the state highway patrol crime laboratory of such finding;

            (4) If the defendant is found not guilty, the court shall notify the state highway patrol crime laboratory of such verdict.

 

If the state highway patrol crime laboratory receives a notice of expungement under this subsection [that the charges have been withdrawn, the case has been dismissed, there is a finding that the necessary probable cause does not exist, or the defendant is found not guilty] or subsection 10 of this section, such crime laboratory shall expunge the DNA sample and DNA profile of the arrestee within [thirty] ninety days. Prior to such expungement, the state highway patrol crime laboratory shall determine whether the individual has any other qualifying offenses or arrests that would require a DNA sample to be taken and retained prior to expungement under this subsection.

            650.100. As used in this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context:

            (1) "Central repository", [is] the location where all DNA samples collected from individuals [defined in] under section 650.055 will be maintained and analyzed; where all authorized DNA profiles uploaded to the state's database will be maintained; and from where all authorized DNA profiles will be uploaded to the national DNA database;

            (2) "CODIS", the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Combined DNA Index System that allows the storage and exchange of DNA records submitted by federal, state, and local DNA crime laboratories. The term "CODIS" includes the National DNA Index System administered and operated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

            (3) "Crime laboratory", a laboratory operated or supported financially by the state or any unit of city, county, or other local Missouri government that employs at least one scientist, who examines physical evidence in criminal matters and provides expert or opinion testimony with respect to such physical evidence in a state court of law;

            (4) "Department", the Missouri department of public safety;

            (5) "DNA", deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is located in the cells and provides an individual's personal genetic blueprint. DNA encodes genetic information that is the basis of human heredity and forensic identification;

            (6) "DNA profile" refers to the collective results of all DNA identification analyses on an individual's DNA sample;

            (7) "DNA record", the DNA identification information stored in the state DNA database or CODIS. The DNA record is the result obtained from the DNA analysis. The DNA record is comprised of the characteristics of a DNA sample, which are of value in establishing the identity of individuals, the DNA profile as well as data required to manage and operate the state's DNA database, to include the specimen identification number;

            (8) "DNA sample", a biological sample provided by any person with respect to offenses covered by section 650.055 or submitted to the Missouri state highway patrol crime laboratory pursuant to sections 650.050 to 650.100 for analysis or storage or both;

            (9) "Expungement", the destruction of an individual's DNA sample and the removal of the DNA record from the state DNA database;

            (10) "Forensic DNA analysis", the identification and evaluation of biological evidence in criminal matters using DNA technologies;

            [(10)] (11) "Local funds", any funds not provided by the federal government.

            650.120. 1. There is hereby created in the state treasury the "Cyber Crime Investigation Fund". The treasurer shall be custodian of the fund and may approve disbursements from the fund in accordance with sections 30.170 and 30.180. Beginning with the 2010 fiscal year and in each subsequent fiscal year, the general assembly shall appropriate three million dollars to the cyber crime investigation fund. The department of public safety shall be the administrator of the fund. Moneys in the fund shall be used solely for the administration of the grant program established under this section. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 33.080 to the contrary, any moneys remaining in the fund at the end of the biennium shall not revert to the credit of the general revenue fund. The state treasurer shall invest moneys in the fund in the same manner as other funds are invested. Any interest and moneys earned on such investments shall be credited to the fund.

            2. The department of public safety shall create a program to distribute grants to multijurisdictional Internet cyber crime law enforcement task forces, multijurisdictional enforcement groups, as defined in section 195.503, that are investigating Internet sex crimes against children, and other law enforcement agencies. The program shall be funded by the cyber crime investigation fund created under subsection 1 of this section. Not more than three percent of the money in the fund may be used by the department to pay the administrative costs of the grant program. The grants shall be awarded and used to pay the salaries of detectives and computer forensic personnel whose focus is investigating Internet sex crimes against children, including but not limited to enticement of a child, possession or promotion of child pornography, provide funding for the training of law enforcement personnel and prosecuting and circuit attorneys as well as their assistant prosecuting and circuit attorneys, and purchase necessary equipment, supplies, and services. The funding for such training may be used to cover the travel expenses of those persons participating.

            3. A panel is hereby established in the department of public safety to award grants under this program and shall be comprised of the following members:

            (1) The director of the department of public safety, or his or her designee;

            (2) Two members [shall be] appointed by the director of the department of public safety from a list of six nominees submitted by the Missouri Police Chiefs Association;

            (3) Two members [shall be] appointed by the director of the department of public safety from a list of six nominees submitted by the Missouri Sheriffs' Association;

            (4) Two members of the state highway patrol [shall be] appointed by the director of the department of public safety from a list of six nominees submitted by the Missouri State Troopers Association;

            (5) One member of the house of representatives [who shall be] appointed by the speaker of the house of representatives; and

            (6) One member of the senate [who shall be] appointed by the president pro tem.

 

The panel members who are appointed under subdivisions (2), (3), and (4) of this subsection shall serve a four-year term ending four years from the date of expiration of the term for which his or her predecessor was appointed. However, a person appointed to fill a vacancy prior to the expiration of such a term shall be appointed for the remainder of the term. Such members shall hold office for the term of his or her appointment and until a successor is appointed. The members of the panel shall receive no additional compensation but shall be eligible for reimbursement for mileage directly related to the performance of panel duties.

            4. Local matching amounts, which may include new or existing funds or in-kind resources including but not limited to equipment or personnel, are required for multijurisdictional Internet cyber crime law enforcement task forces and other law enforcement agencies to receive grants awarded by the panel. Such amounts shall be determined by the state appropriations process or by the panel.

            5. When awarding grants, priority should be given to newly hired detectives and computer forensic personnel.

            6. The panel shall establish minimum training standards for detectives and computer forensic personnel participating in the grant program established in subsection 2 of this section.             7. Multijurisdictional Internet cyber crime law enforcement task forces and other law enforcement agencies participating in the grant program established in subsection 2 of this section shall share information and cooperate with the highway patrol and with existing Internet crimes against children task force programs.

            8. The panel may make recommendations to the general assembly regarding the need for additional resources or appropriations.

            9. The power of arrest of any peace officer who is duly authorized as a member of a multijurisdictional Internet cyber crime law enforcement task force shall only be exercised during the time such peace officer is an active member of such task force and only within the scope of the investigation on which the task force is working. Notwithstanding other provisions of law to the contrary, such task force officer shall have the power of arrest, as limited in this subsection, anywhere in the state and shall provide prior notification to the chief of police of a municipality or the sheriff of the county in which the arrest is to take place. If exigent circumstances exist, such arrest may be made and notification shall be made to the chief of police or sheriff as appropriate and as soon as practical. The chief of police or sheriff may elect to work with the multijurisdictional Internet cyber crime law enforcement task force at his or her option when such task force is operating within the jurisdiction of such chief of police or sheriff.

            10. [Under section 23.253 of the Missouri sunset act:

            (1) The provisions of the new program authorized under this section shall sunset automatically six years after June 5, 2006, unless reauthorized by an act of the general assembly; and

            (2) If such program is reauthorized, the program authorized under this section shall sunset automatically twelve years after the effective date of the reauthorization of this section; and

            (3) This section shall terminate on September first of the calendar year immediately following the calendar year in which the program authorized under this section is sunset] This section shall expire on August 28, 2022.