FIRST REGULAR SESSION

HOUSE BILL NO. 942

96TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY


 

 

INTRODUCED BY REPRESENTATIVE JOHNSON.

2071L.01I                                                                                                                                                  D. ADAM CRUMBLISS, Chief Clerk


 

AN ACT

To repeal section 135.327, RSMo, and to enact in lieu thereof two new sections relating to tax credits for adoptions.




Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the state of Missouri, as follows:


            Section A. Section 135.327, RSMo, is repealed and two new sections enacted in lieu thereof, to be known as sections 135.327 and 135.340, to read as follows:

            135.327. 1. As used in this section, the following terms shall mean:

            (1) "CASA", an entity which receives funding from the court-appointed special advocate fund established under section 476.777, including an association based in this state, affiliated with a national association, organized to provide support to entities receiving funding from the court-appointed special advocate fund;

            (2) "Child advocacy centers", the regional child assessment centers listed in subsection 2 of section 210.001;

            (3) "Contribution", the amount of a donation to a qualified agency;

            (4) "Crisis care center", entities contracted with this state which provide temporary care for children whose age ranges from birth through seventeen years of age whose parents or guardian are experiencing an unexpected and unstable or serious condition that requires immediate action resulting in short-term care, usually three to five continuous, uninterrupted days, for children who may be at risk for child abuse, neglect, or in an emergency situation;

            (5) "Department", the department of revenue;

            (6) "Director", the director of the department of revenue;

            (7) "Qualified agency", CASA, child advocacy centers, or a crisis care center;

            (8) "Tax liability", the tax due under chapter 143 other than taxes withheld under sections 143.191 to 143.265.

            2. Any person residing in this state who legally adopts a special needs child on or after January 1, 1988, and before January 1, 2000, shall be eligible to receive a tax credit of up to ten thousand dollars for nonrecurring adoption expenses for each child adopted that may be applied to taxes due under chapter 143. Any business entity providing funds to an employee to enable that employee to legally adopt a special needs child shall be eligible to receive a tax credit of up to ten thousand dollars for nonrecurring adoption expenses for each child adopted that may be applied to taxes due under such business entity's state tax liability, except that only one ten thousand dollar credit is available for each special needs child that is adopted.

            3. Any person residing in this state who proceeds in good faith with the adoption of a special needs child on or after January 1, 2000, but before January 1, 2012, shall be eligible to receive a tax credit of up to ten thousand dollars for nonrecurring adoption expenses for each child that may be applied to taxes due under chapter 143; provided, however, that beginning on or after July 1, 2004, two million dollars of the tax credits allowed shall be allocated for the adoption of special needs children who are residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated. Any business entity providing funds to an employee to enable that employee to proceed in good faith with the adoption of a special needs child shall be eligible to receive a tax credit of up to ten thousand dollars for nonrecurring adoption expenses for each child that may be applied to taxes due under such business entity's state tax liability, except that only one ten thousand dollar credit is available for each special needs child that is adopted. Beginning January 1, 2012, the maximum limit on the amount of the tax credit available for each child shall be increased to twenty-five thousand dollars.

            4. Individuals and business entities may claim a tax credit for their total nonrecurring adoption expenses in each year that the expenses are incurred. A claim for fifty percent of the credit shall be allowed when the child is placed in the home. A claim for the remaining fifty percent shall be allowed when the adoption is final. The total of these tax credits shall not exceed the maximum limit of ten thousand dollars per child for taxable years ending on or before December 31, 2011, and twenty-five thousand dollars per child for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2012. The cumulative amount of tax credits which may be claimed by taxpayers claiming the credit for nonrecurring adoption expenses in any one fiscal year prior to July 1, 2004, shall not exceed two million dollars. The cumulative amount of tax credits that may be claimed by taxpayers claiming the credit for nonrecurring adoption expenses shall not be more than four million dollars but may be increased by appropriation in any fiscal year beginning on or after July 1, 2004; provided, however, that by December thirty-first following each July, if less than two million dollars in credits have been issued for adoption of special needs children who are not residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated, the remaining amount of the cap shall be available for the adoption of special needs children who are residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated. For all fiscal years beginning on or after July 1, 2006, applications to claim the adoption tax credit for special needs children who are residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated shall be filed between July first and April fifteenth of each fiscal year. For all fiscal years beginning on or after July 1, 2006, applications to claim the adoption tax credit for special needs children who are not residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated shall be filed between July first and December thirty-first of each fiscal year.

             5. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, any individual or business entity may assign, transfer or sell tax credits allowed in this section. Any sale of tax credits claimed pursuant to this section shall be at a discount rate of seventy-five percent or greater of the amount sold.

            6. The director of revenue shall establish a procedure by which, for each fiscal year, the cumulative amount of tax credits authorized in this section is equally apportioned among all taxpayers within the two categories specified in subsection 3 of this section claiming the credit in that fiscal year. To the maximum extent possible, the director of revenue shall establish the procedure described in this subsection in such a manner as to ensure that taxpayers within each category can claim all the tax credits possible up to the cumulative amount of tax credits available for the fiscal year.

            7. For all tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2006, a tax credit may be claimed in an amount equal to up to fifty percent of a verified contribution to a qualified agency and shall be named the children in crisis tax credit. The minimum amount of any tax credit issued shall not be less than fifty dollars and shall be applied to taxes due under chapter 143, excluding sections 143.191 to 143.265. A contribution verification shall be issued to the taxpayer by the agency receiving the contribution. Such contribution verification shall include the taxpayer's name, Social Security number, amount of tax credit, amount of contribution, the name and address of the agency receiving the credit, and the date the contribution was made. The tax credit provided under this subsection shall be initially filed for the year in which the verified contribution is made.

            8. The cumulative amount of the tax credits redeemed shall not exceed the unclaimed portion of the resident adoption category allocation as described in this section. The director of revenue shall determine the unclaimed portion available. The amount available shall be equally divided among the three qualified agencies: CASA, child advocacy centers, or crisis care centers to be used towards tax credits issued. In the event tax credits claimed under one agency do not total the allocated amount for that agency, the unused portion for that agency will be made available to the remaining agencies equally. In the event the total amount of tax credits claimed for any one agency exceeds the amount available for that agency, the amount redeemed shall and will be apportioned equally to all eligible taxpayers claiming the credit under that agency. After all children in crisis tax credits have been claimed, any remaining unclaimed portion of the reserved allocation for adoptions of special needs children who are residents or wards of residents of this state shall then be made available for adoption tax credit claims of special needs children who are not residents or wards of residents of this state at the time the adoption is initiated.

            9. Prior to December thirty-first of each year, [the entities listed under the definition of] each qualified agency shall apply to the department of social services in order to verify their qualified agency status. Upon a determination that the agency is eligible to be a qualified agency, the department of social services shall provide a letter of eligibility to such agency. No later than February first of each year, the department of social services shall provide a list of qualified agencies to the department of revenue. All tax credit applications to claim the children in crisis tax credit shall be filed between July first and April fifteenth of each fiscal year. A taxpayer shall apply for the children in crisis tax credit by attaching a copy of the contribution verification provided by a qualified agency to such taxpayer's income tax return.

            10. The tax credits provided under this section shall be subject to the provisions of section 135.333.

            11. (1) In the event a credit denial, due to lack of available funds, causes a balance-due notice to be generated by the department of revenue, or any other redeeming agency, the taxpayer will not be held liable for any penalty or interest, provided the balance is paid, or approved payment arrangements have been made, within sixty days from the notice of denial.

            (2) In the event the balance is not paid within sixty days from the notice of denial, the remaining balance shall be due and payable under the provisions of chapter 143.

            12. The director shall calculate the level of appropriation necessary to issue all tax credits for nonresident special needs adoptions applied for under this section and provide such calculation to the speaker of the house of representatives, the president pro tempore of the senate, and the director of the division of budget and planning in the office of administration by January thirty-first of each year.

            13. The department may promulgate such rules or regulations as are necessary to administer the provisions of this section. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly pursuant to chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2006, shall be invalid and void.

            14. Pursuant to section 23.253 of the Missouri sunset act:

            (1) The provisions of the new program authorized under subsections 7 to 12 of this section shall automatically sunset six years after August 28, 2006, unless reauthorized by an act of the general assembly; and

            (2) If such program is reauthorized, the program authorized under this section shall automatically sunset twelve years after the effective date of the reauthorization of this section; and

            (3) This section shall terminate on September first of the calendar year immediately following the calendar year in which the program authorized under this section is sunset.

            135.340. 1. As used in this section, the following terms mean:

            (1) "Nonrecurring adoption expenses", reasonable and necessary adoption fees, court costs, attorney fees, and other expenses which are directly related to the legal adoption of a child and which are not incurred in violation of federal, state, or local law;

            (2) "Tax credit", a credit against the tax otherwise due under chapter 143, excluding withholding tax imposed by sections 143.191 to 143.265, or otherwise due under chapter 147, 148, or 153;

            (3) "Taxpayer", any individual subject to the tax imposed in chapter 143, excluding withholding tax imposed by sections 143.191 to 143.265, or any entity subject to the tax imposed in chapter 147, 148, or 153 that provides funds to an employee to enable the employee to adopt a child.

            2. For all taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2012, a taxpayer shall be allowed a tax credit for nonrecurring adoption expenses for each child adopted. If the amount of the tax credit issued exceeds the amount of the taxpayer's state tax liability for the tax year for which the credit is claimed, the difference shall not be refundable but may be carried forward to any of the taxpayer's five subsequent taxable years. Tax credits issued under this section may be transferred, sold, or assigned.

            3. The tax credit authorized in this section shall be claimed at the time the taxpayer files a Missouri income tax return. To claim the tax credit allowed under this section, the taxpayer shall submit any certified documentation and information required by the department of revenue.

            4. The department of revenue may promulgate rules to implement the provisions of this section. Any rule or portion of a rule, as that term is defined in section 536.010, that is created under the authority delegated in this section shall become effective only if it complies with and is subject to all of the provisions of chapter 536 and, if applicable, section 536.028. This section and chapter 536 are nonseverable and if any of the powers vested with the general assembly under chapter 536 to review, to delay the effective date, or to disapprove and annul a rule are subsequently held unconstitutional, then the grant of rulemaking authority and any rule proposed or adopted after August 28, 2011, shall be invalid and void.

            5. Under section 23.253 of the Missouri sunset act:

            (1) The provisions of the new program authorized under this section shall automatically sunset on December thirty-first six years after the effective date of this section unless reauthorized by an act of the general assembly; and

            (2) If such program is reauthorized, the program authorized under this section shall automatically sunset on December thirty-first twelve years after the effective date of the reauthorization of this section; and

            (3) This section shall terminate on September first of the calendar year immediately following the calendar year in which the program authorized under this section is sunset.